NationalLow Income Quality Measures Trend Over Time

Trending information is available for NHQDR quality measures with at least four years of data. The time span can vary across measures. Trends are only reported as improving or worsening if the average annual percent change is at least one percent and statistically significant.

Measures That Are Improving
MeasureAverage Annual Percent Change
Adolescents ages 16-17 who received 1 or more doses of tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) since the age of ten years-16.8
Adolescents ages 13-15 who received 1 or more doses of tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) since the age of ten years-16.4
Adolescents ages 16-17 who received 1 or more doses of meningococcal conjugate vaccine-14.4
Adolescents ages 13-15 who received 1 or more doses of meningococcal conjugate vaccine-13.4
Patients with colon cancer who received surgical resection of colon cancer that included at least 12 lymph nodes pathologically examined-12.5
Adults who filled an outpatient opioid prescription in the calendar year-9.3
Adults who filled four or more outpatient opioid prescriptions in the calendar year-9.2
Adults with limited English proficiency who had a usual source of care-6.8
Women under age 70 treated for breast cancer with breast-conserving surgery who received radiation therapy to the breast within 1 year of diagnosis-6.2
Adolescent males ages 13-15 who received 3 or more doses of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine-6.2
Adults age 65 and over who received in the calendar year at least 1 of 11 prescription medications that should be avoided in older adults-5.4
Adolescents females ages 16-17 who received 3 or more doses human papillomavirus vaccine-5.4
Adults who received a blood cholesterol measurement in the last 5 years-5.3
Adults age 65 and over who received in the calendar year at least 1 of 33 potentially inappropriate prescription medications for older adults-4.6
Children who had their height and weight measured by a health provider within the past 2 years-4.4
Children ages 19-35 months who received 1 or more doses of varicella vaccine-4.3
Children ages 0-17 with wellness checkup in the past 12 months-4.2
Women with clinical Stage I-IIb breast cancer who received axillary node dissection or sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) at the time of surgery (lumpectomy or mastectomy)-4.2
Children who had any appointments for routine health care in the last 12 months who sometimes or never got an appointment for routine care as soon as needed-3.9
Adolescents females ages 13-15 who received 3 or more doses human papillomavirus vaccine-3.9
People under age 65 who were uninsured all year-3.5
Adults who had a doctor's office or clinic visit in the last 12 months and needed care, tests, or treatment who sometimes or never found it easy to get the care, tests, or treatment-3.2
People under age 65 with health insurance-3.2
Adults who had a doctor's office or clinic visit in the last 12 months whose health providers always gave them easy-to-understand instructions about what to do for a specific illness or health conditions-3.1
Adults who had a doctor's office or clinic visit in the last 12 months whose health providers sometimes or never explained things in a way they could understand-2.9
Adult current smokers who had a doctor's office or clinic visit in the last 12 months who received advice to quit smoking from their providers-2.8
People with a specific source of ongoing care-2.7
People under age 65 whose family's health insurance premium and out-of-pocket medical expenditures were more than 10% of total family income-2.5
Children ages 2-17 for whom a health provider gave advice within the past 2 years about eating healthy-2.5
Adults who had a doctor's office or clinic visit in the last 12 months whose health providers sometimes or never spent enough time with them-2.5
Children ages 5-17 with untreated dental caries-2.4
People under age 65 with any period of uninsurance during the year-2.4
People in fair or poor health with a specific source of ongoing care-2.4
People who were unable to get or delayed in getting needed medical care in the last 12 months-2.3
People unable to get or delayed in getting needed medical care due to financial or insurance reasons-2.3
Adults ages 18 and over who received influenza vaccination in the last flu season-2.3
Children ages 3-5 who ever had their vision checked by a health provider-2.2
Children ages 19-35 months who received 3 or more doses of polio vaccine-2.1
Adults ages 18-64 at high risk (e.g., COPD) who received an influenza vaccination in the last flu season-2.0
Children ages 2-17 for whom a health provider gave advice within the past 2 years about the amount and kind of exercise, sports, or physically active hobbies they should have-2.0
Adults with obesity who ever received advice from a health professional to exercise more-2.0
People with a usual source of care whose providers sometimes or never asked them to help make decisions when there was a choice between treatments-2.0
Adults who had a doctor's office or clinic visit in the last 12 months whose health providers sometimes or never showed respect for what they had to say-2.0
Infants born in the calendar year who received breastfeeding exclusively through 3 months-1.9
Adults age 40 and over with diagnosed diabetes who received a flu vaccination in the calendar year-1.9
Adults age 65 and over who received an influenza vaccination in the last flu season-1.9
Adults who had a doctor's office or clinic visit in the last 12 months whose health providers sometimes or never listened carefully to them-1.7
People who were unable to get or delayed in getting needed prescription medicines in the last 12 months-1.7
People who were unable to get or delayed in getting needed dental care in the last 12 months-1.7
Adults who needed care right away for an illness, injury, or condition in the last 12 months who sometimes or never got care as soon as needed-1.6
Children 0-40 lbs for whom a health provider gave advice within the past 2 years about using a child safety seat while riding in the car-1.6
Children 41-80 lbs for whom a health provider gave advice within the past 2 years about using a booster seat when riding in the car-1.5
Adults who had a doctor's office or clinic visit in the last 12 months whose health providers always asked them to describe how they will follow the instructions-1.4
People with a usual source of care who is somewhat to very difficulty to contact during regular business hours over the telephone-1.2
Children ages 2-17 who had a dental visit in the calendar year-1.2
Children for whom a health provider gave advice within the past 2 years about how smoking in the house can be bad for a child-1.2
Adults who had any appointments for routine health care in the last 12 months who sometimes or never got an appointment for routine care as soon as needed-1.1
Adults who rated their healthcare received in the last 12 months as poor (0-6) on a scale of 0-10 (where 0 is the worst and 10 is the best)-1.1
Adults age 65 and over who ever received pneumococcal vaccination-1.1
Children ages 2-17 who received a preventive dental service in the calendar year-1.1
Children over 80 lbs for whom a health provider gave advice within the past 2 years about using lap or shoulder belts when riding in a car-1.1
People unable to get or delayed in getting needed prescription medicines due to financial or insurance reasons-1.1
Adults with chronic joint symptoms who have ever seen a doctor or other health professional for joint symptoms-1.1
Measures That Are Unchanged
MeasureAverage Annual Percent Change
Adolescent males ages 16-17 who received 3 or more doses of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine-2.5
Adults age 40 and over with diabetes whose condition was diagnosed-2.4
Children ages 2-17 for whom a health provider gave advice within the past 2 years about using a helmet when riding a bicycle or motorcycle-1.0
Adults who received a blood pressure measurement in the last 2 years and can state whether their blood pressure was normal or high-0.9
Children ages 6 months to 17 years who received influenza vaccination in the last flu season-0.8
People with a usual source of care who usually asks about prescription medications and treatments from other doctors-0.8
Adults ages 18-64 at high risk (e.g., COPD) who ever received pneumococcal vaccination-0.8
Children ages 19-35 months who received 3 or more doses of hepatitis B vaccine-0.8
Adults with obesity age 20 and over who had been told by a doctor or health professional that they were overweight-0.7
Adults with hypertension with blood pressure less than 140/90 mm/Hg-0.7
People unable to get or delayed in getting needed dental care due to financial or insurance reasons-0.7
Adults who had a doctor's office or clinic visit in the last 12 months whose health providers always offered help in filling out forms-0.6
Adults age 40 and over with diagnosed diabetes who received a dilated eye examination in the calendar year-0.6
Children ages 12-17 with a major depressive episode in the last 12 months who received treatment for depression in the last 12 months-0.6
Adults with obesity who ever received advice from a health professional about eating fewer high-fat or high-cholesterol foods-0.6
Children who had a doctor's office or clinic visit in the last 12 months and needed care, tests, or treatment who sometimes or never found it easy to get the care, tests, or treatment-0.5
People with a usual primary care provider-0.4
Children ages 19-35 months who received 4 or more doses of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine-0.3
People with a usual source of care, excluding hospital emergency rooms, who has office hours at night or on weekends-0.3
Adults with a major depressive episode in the last 12 months who received treatment for depression in the last 12 months-0.2
People age 12 and over who needed treatment for alcohol problem who received such treatment at a specialty facility in the last 12 months-0.2
Children with obesity 2-19 years of age who had been told by a doctor or health professional that they were overweight-0.1
People without a usual source of care who indicated a financial or insurance reason for not having a source of care-0.1
Adults who received a preventive dental service in the calendar year-0.1
Adults with a dental visit in the calendar year0.0
Adults age 40 and over with diagnosed diabetes with blood pressure less than 130/80 mm Hg0.3
Women ages 50-74 who received a mammogram in the last 2 years0.3
People under age 65 with any private health insurance0.6
Children ages 19-35 months who received 1 or more doses of measles-mumps-rubella vaccine0.6
People with current asthma who are now taking preventive medicine daily or almost daily (either oral or inhaler)0.7
Adults age 40 and over with diagnosed diabetes who had their feet checked for sores or irritation in the calendar year0.9
People age 12 and over who needed treatment for illicit drug use and who received such treatment at a specialty facility in the last 12 months1.3
Adults age 40 and over with diagnosed diabetes who received at least two hemoglobin A1c measurements in the calendar year1.7
Children who needed to see a specialist in the last 12 months who sometimes or never found it easy to see a specialist2.2
Adults with limited English proficiency and usual source of care (USC) and the USC had language assistance6.1
Measures That Are Worsening
MeasureAverage Annual Percent Change
Children ages 2-19 with obesity1.3
Adults age 65 and over with any private health insurance1.4
Women ages 21-65 who received a Pap smear in the last 3 years2.1
Hospital inpatient stays involving opioid-related diagnoses per 100,000 population6.3
Emergency department visits involving opioid-related diagnoses per 100,000 population11.1
Measures With No Available Trend Information or Supplemental Measures
MeasureAverage Annual Percent Change
Adults who tried to make an appointment for seeing a specialist in the last 12 months who sometimes or never found it easy to get the appointment
Sepsis diagnoses per 1,000 elective-surgery admissions of length 4 or more days, adults
Hospital admissions with central venous catheter-related bloodstream infection per 1,000 medical and surgical discharges of length 2 or more days, adults age 18 and over or obstetric admissions
Postoperative acute kidney injury requiring dialysis per 1,000 elective surgical hospital discharges, adults
Postoperative pulmonary embolism (PE) or deep vein thrombosis (DVT) per 1,000 surgical hospital discharges, adults
Postoperative respiratory failure per 1,000 elective surgical hospital discharges, adults
Postoperative physiologic and metabolic derangements per 1,000 elective surgical hospital discharges, adults
Postoperative hip fracture per 1,000 surgical admissions who were not susceptible to falling, adults
Reclosure of postoperative abdominal wound dehiscence per 1,000 abdominopelvic-surgery admissions of length 2 or more days, adults
Accidental puncture or laceration during procedure per 1,000 medical and surgical admissions, adults
Accidental puncture or laceration during procedure per 1,000 medical and surgical admissions, children
Hospital admissions with iatrogenic pneumothorax per 1,000 medical and surgical admissions, adults
Deaths per 1,000 elective-surgery admissions having developed specified complications of care during hospitalization, adults ages 18-89 or obstetric admissions
Deaths per 1,000 hospital admissions with expected low-mortality
Birth trauma - injury to neonate per 1,000 selected live births
Obstetric trauma per 1,000 vaginal deliveries without instrument assistance
Obstetric trauma per 1,000 instrument-assisted deliveries
Emergency department visits with a principal diagnosis related to mental health only per 100,000 population
Emergency department visits with a principal diagnosis related to substance abuse only, per 100,000 population
Emergency department encounters for asthma, adults
Emergency department encounters for asthma, children ages 2-17
Hospital admissions for uncontrolled diabetes without complications per 100,000 population, adults
Hospital admissions for short-term complications of diabetes per 100,000 population, adults
Hospital admissions for short-term complications of diabetes per 100,000 population, children ages 6-17
Hospital admissions for long-term complications of diabetes per 100,000 population, adults
Hospital admissions for lower extremity amputations per 1,000 population, adults age 18 and over with diabetes
Hospital admissions for asthma per 100,000 population, adults ages 18-39
Hospital admissions for asthma per 100,000 population, children ages 2-17
Hospitalizations and emergency department encounters for heart failure
Hospital admissions for perforated appendix per 1,000 admissions with appendicitis, children
Hospital admissions for hypertension per 100,000 population, adults age 18 and over
Hospital admissions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma per 100,000 population, adults age 40 and over
Hospital admissions for community-acquired pneumonia per 100,000 population, adults age 18 and over
Hospital admissions for urinary tract infection (UTI) per 100,000 population, adults age 18 and over
Hospital admissions for urinary tract infection (UTI) per 100,000 population, children ages 3 months to 17 years
Hospital admissions for pediatric gastroenteritis per 100,000 population, children ages 3 months to 17 years
Deaths per 1,000 adult hospital admissions with acute myocardial infarction (AMI)
Hospital admissions for heart failure per 100,000 population
Deaths per 1,000 adult hospital admissions with heart failure
Deaths per 1,000 adult hospital admissions with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair
Deaths per 1,000 hospital admissions with coronary artery bypass surgery, adults age 40 and over
Deaths per 1,000 hospital admissions with percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), adults age 40 and over
People age 12 and over with opioid (either prescription opioid or heroin) use disorder in the past year
Deaths per 1,000 adult hospital admissions with pneumonia
Persons with current asthma who received written asthma management plans from their healthcare provider
Hospital admissions for immunization-preventable influenza per 100,000 population, adults age 65 and over