NationalBlack Quality Measures Compared to Achievable Benchmarks

The NHQR quality measures specific to Black are compared to achievable benchmarks, which are derived from the top-performing States. Better performance of a State can mean higher or lower values of a measure, depending on the desired outcome. For example, low values are desirable for measures such as infant mortality, whereas high values are desirable for measures such as preventative screening. The categories of achievement have been standardized across the measure definitions so that:

 
Far away from benchmark - the value for a measure has not achieved 50% of the benchmark.
 
Close to benchmark - the value for a measure is between 50% and 90% of a benchmark (i.e., worse than the benchmark but has achieved at least half of the benchmark but not as much as 90% of a benchmark).
 
Achieved benchmark or better - the the value for a measure is no worse than 90% of the benchmark value, the measure has achieved the benchmark. This category also includes the case in which the measure’s value is equal to or better than the benchmark.
Measures That Achieved Benchmark or Better
Measure Population Estimate Benchmark Distance to Benchmark
Obstetric trauma per 1,000 vaginal deliveries without instrument assistance Non-Hispanic, Black 10.00 14.1 Achieved: 29% better
Suicide deaths among persons age 12 and over per 100,000 population Black 6.80 9.38 Achieved: 28% better
Obstetric trauma per 1,000 instrument-assisted deliveries Non-Hispanic, Black 80.7 94.3 Achieved: 15% better
Adults who reported a home health provider asking to see all the prescription and over-the-counter medicines they were taking, when they first started getting home health care Black, single race 89.0 86.1 Achieved: 3% better
Stroke patients prescribed statin medication at hospital discharge Black 97.6 98.6 1%
Stroke patients who received venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis Black 97.6 98.7 1%
Stroke patients with educational material addressing activation of emergency medical system, follow-up after discharge, educations prescribed at discharge, risk factors for stroke, warning signs and symptoms of stroke Black 95.2 96.7 2%
Hospice patients whose hospice care team always communicated well with their family caregivers about taking care them Black 81.9 83.3 2%
Deaths per 1,000 adult hospital admissions with congestive heart failure Non-Hispanic, Black 11.7 11.5 2%
Adults who reported having any problems with the care they received from their home health providers in the last 2 months of care Black, single race 91.1 89.5 2%
Adult hemodialysis patients with adequate dialysis - (Kt/V) 12 or higher Black 94.7 96.5 2%
Adults who reported a home health provider talking with them about all the prescription and over-the-counter medicines they were taking when they first started getting home health care Black, single race 86.7 88.5 2%
Adults who reported that home health providers always treated them with courtesy and respect in the last 2 months of care Black, single race 92.8 95.0 2%
Adults who reported being told what care and services they would get when they first started getting home health care Black, single race 89.2 91.4 2%
Hospice patients whose hospice care team always treated them with dignity and respect, and really cared about them Black 89.8 92.1 2%
Adults who reported that home health providers always kept them informed about when they would arrive at their home in the last 2 months of care Black, single race 81.1 83.4 3%
Adults who reported that home health providers talk about pain in the last 2 months of care Black, single race 88.8 91.4 3%
Women with clinical Stage I-IIb breast cancer who received axillary node dissection or sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) at the time of surgery (lumpectomy or mastectomy) Non-Hispanic, Black 94.0 96.8 3%
Adults who reported that home health providers always listen carefully to them in the last 2 months of care Black, single race 85.4 88.0 3%
Women ages 21-65 who received a Pap smear in the last 3 years Black, single race 84.3 86.9 3%
Adults who reported that home health providers always explained things in a way that was easy to understand in the last 2 months of care Black, single race 84.0 86.9 3%
Adults who reported that home health providers always treated them as gently as possible in the last 2 months of care Black, single race 89.2 92.5 4%
Hospital patients who received influenza vaccination Black 93.5 97.0 4%
Deaths per 1,000 adult hospital admissions with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) Non-Hispanic, Black 36.9 35.5 4%
Children ages 19-35 months who received 3 or more doses of hepatitis B vaccine Black, single race 92.5 96.4 4%
Children ages 19-35 months who received 1 or more doses of varicella vaccine Black, single race 91.7 95.7 4%
Hospice patients and family caregivers who always got help as soon as they need from hospice care team Black 78.7 82.3 4%
Children ages 19-35 months who received 3 or more doses of polio vaccine Black, single race 92.9 97.3 5%
Family caregivers who received right amount of emotional and spiritual supports from hospice care team Black 86.5 90.9 5%
Persons age 13 and over living with HIV who know their serostatus Non-Hispanic, Black 84.3 89.1 5%
Children ages 19-35 months who received 1 or more doses of measles-mumps-rubella vaccine Black, single race 91.1 96.4 5%
Hospice patients who always received enough helps for pain, sadness, breathing, or constipations from hospice care team Black 74.6 79.0 6%
Family caregivers who rated the hospice care for their family member best (9-10) on a scale of 0-10 (where 0 is the worst and 10 is the best) Black 79.1 83.9 6%
Patients with colon cancer who received surgical resection of colon cancer that included at least 12 lymph nodes pathologically examined Non-Hispanic, Black 89.7 95.9 6%
Adults who reported that home health providers always seem informed and up-to-date about all the cares or treatments they got at home in the last 2 months of care Black, single race 62.9 67.8 7%
Adolescents ages 13-15 who received 1 or more doses of tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) since the age of ten years Black, single race 87.5 95.2 8%
Adults who reported a home health provider talking with them about how to set up their home so they can move around safely when they first started getting home health care Black, single race 73.5 80.2 8%
Acute stroke patients for whom IV thrombolytic therapy was initiated at hospital within 3 hours of time last known well Black 84.5 92.9 9%
Children ages 19-35 months who received 4 or more doses of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine Black, single race 81.6 90.6 10%
Measures That Are Close to Benchmark
Measure Population Estimate Benchmark Distance to Benchmark
Women ages 50-74 who received a mammogram in the last 2 years Black, single race 74.9 85.2 12%
Adolescents ages 16-17 who received 1 or more doses of tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) since the age of ten years Black, single race 84.1 95.9 12%
Adult hospital patients who sometimes or never had good communication about medications they received in the hospital Black, single race 8.80 7.75 14%
Adolescents ages 16-17 who received 1 or more doses of meningococcal conjugate vaccine Black, single race 82.6 96.2 14%
Adults who reported that home health providers talked with them about when to take medicines in the last 2 months of care Black, single race 29.2 34.2 15%
Adolescents ages 13-15 who received 1 or more doses of meningococcal conjugate vaccine Black, single race 81.5 95.4 15%
Adults who reported getting the help or advice they needed when they contacted their home health providers in the last 2 months of care Black, single race 26.1 30.6 15%
Hospital patients who received pneumococcal immunization Black 81.8 97.2 16%
Adults who reported that home health providers talked with them about the purpose for taking their new or changed prescription medicines in the last 2 months of care Black, single race 30.4 36.2 16%
Deaths per 1,000 hospital admissions with percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), adults age 40 and over Non-Hispanic, Black 13.2 11.4 16%
Adults home health patients age 18 and over who reported that home health providers talked with them about the side effects of medicines in the last 2 months of care Black, single race 24.6 29.5 17%
Adult hemodialysis patients who use arteriovenous fistulas as the primary mode of vascular access Black 59.2 72.8 19%
Persons age 13 and over living with diagnosed HIV who had at least two CD4 or viral load tests performed at least 3 months apart during the last year, among reporting jurisdictions Non-Hispanic, Black 54.0 67.6 20%
Deaths per 1,000 adult hospital admissions with pneumonia Non-Hispanic, Black 16.0 12.8 25%
Adults who reported getting the help or advice they needed the same day they contacted their home health providers Black, single race 17.4 23.8 27%
Persons age 13 and over living with diagnosed HIV whose most recent viral load in the last 12 months was under 200 copies/mL Non-Hispanic, Black 51.5 74.3 31%
Adolescent aged 13-15 years who received 3 or more doses of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine Black, single race 30.7 46.4 34%
People age 12 and over treated for substance abuse who completed treatment course Non-Hispanic, Black 40.3 63.1 36%
Adolescent ages 16-17 years who received 3 or more doses of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine Black, single race 38.6 62.2 38%
Breast cancer diagnosed at advanced stage (regional, distant stage, or local stage with tumor greater than 2 cm) per 100,000 women age 40 and over Black 105.2 75.8 39%
Adult end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients who saw a nephrologist at least 12 months prior to initiation of renal replacement therapy Black 32.0 54.1 41%
Adolescent males ages 13-15 who received 3 or more doses of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine Black, single race 24.7 43.3 43%
Birth trauma - injury to neonate per 1,000 selected live births Non-Hispanic, Black 1.86 1.29 44%
Colorectal cancer diagnosed at advanced stage (tumors diagnosed at regional or distant stage) per 100,000 population age 50 and over Black 75.8 51.7 47%
Measures That Are Far From Benchmark
Measure Population Estimate Benchmark Distance to Benchmark
Adult hospital patients who did not receive good communication about discharge information Black, single race 11.6 7.70 51%
Hospital admissions for bacterial pneumonia per 100,000 population, adults age 18 and over Non-Hispanic, Black 243.6 161.5 51%
Lung cancer deaths per 100,000 population per year Black 41.9 27.5 53%
Dialysis patients who were registered on a waiting list for transplantation Black 12.8 28.2 55%
Breast cancer deaths per 100,000 female population per year Black 27.7 17.8 56%
Colorectal cancer deaths per 100,000 population per year Black 18.9 11.5 64%
Hospital admissions for immunization-preventable influenza per 100,000 population, adults age 65 and over Non-Hispanic, Black 235.6 142.8 65%
Sepsis diagnoses per 1,000 elective-surgery admissions of length 4 or more days, adults Non-Hispanic, Black 17.3 10.4 67%
Percent of hemodialysis patients whose hemoglobin level is less than 10 g/dL Black 19.0 11.4 67%
Cervical cancer diagnosed at advanced stage (all invasive tumors) per 100,000 women age 20 and over Black 11.7 6.94 69%
Patients with treated chronic kidney failure who received a transplant within 3 years of date of renal failure Black 7.00 28.8 76%
Deaths per 1,000 hospital admissions with coronary artery bypass surgery, adults age 40 and over Non-Hispanic, Black 24.4 13.6 80%
Adult hospital patients who strongly disagree or disagree that staff took their preferences and those of their family and caregiver into account when deciding what the patients discharge health care would be Black, single race 7.50 3.22 133%
Hospital admissions with iatrogenic pneumothorax per 1,000 medical and surgical admissions, adults Non-Hispanic, Black 0.73 0.26 181%
Hospital admissions for short-term complications of diabetes per 100,000 population, children ages 6-17 Non-Hispanic, Black 41.7 13.6 207%
Hospital admissions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma per 100,000 population, adults age 40 and over Non-Hispanic, Black 678.7 216.7 213%
Hospital admissions for congestive heart failure per 100,000 population Non-Hispanic, Black 691.6 202.0 242%
Hospital admissions for short-term complications of diabetes per 100,000 population, adults Non-Hispanic, Black 199.1 56.8 251%
Hospital admissions for angina per 100,000 population, adults age 18 and over Non-Hispanic, Black 20.1 4.90 310%
Hospital admissions for long-term complications of diabetes per 100,000 population, adults Non-Hispanic, Black 262.8 54.8 380%
Hospital admissions for asthma per 100,000 population, adults ages 18-39 Non-Hispanic, Black 101.5 20.4 399%
Hospital admissions for lower extremity amputations per 1,000 population, adults age 18 and over with diabetes Non-Hispanic, Black 48.0 9.03 432%
Hospital admissions for asthma per 100,000 population, children ages 2-17 Non-Hispanic, Black 221.9 38.1 482%
Hospital admissions for hypertension per 100,000 population, adults age 18 and over Non-Hispanic, Black 170.3 20.4 735%
HIV infection deaths per 100,000 population Black 7.90 0.75 953%
Hospital admissions for uncontrolled diabetes without complications per 100,000 population, adults Non-Hispanic, Black 35.4 3.28 979%
New HIV cases per 100,000 population age 13 and over Non-Hispanic, Black 53.9 4.30 1153%
Measures With No Available Benchmark Information
Measure Population Estimate Benchmark Distance to Benchmark
People who were unable to get or delayed in getting needed medical care in the last 12 months Black, single race 3.60
People who were unable to get or delayed in getting needed dental care in the last 12 months Black, single race 5.40
Adults age 65 and over who received in the calendar year at least 1 of 33 potentially inappropriate prescription medications for older adults Black, single race 9.20
Children ages 2-19 who visited emergency department for asthma Black 252.5
Children ages 2-9 who visited emergency department for asthma Black, single race 422.7
Children ages 10-19 who visited emergency department for asthma Black, single race 120.5
Hospital admissions for perforated appendix per 1,000 admissions with appendicitis, adults Non-Hispanic, Black 388.6
People who were unable to get or delayed in getting needed prescription medicines in the last 12 months Black, single race 3.50
People with a usual source of care, excluding hospital emergency rooms, who has office hours at night or on weekends Black, single race 43.3
Adults age 40 and over with diagnosed diabetes who received at least two hemoglobin A1c measurements in the calendar year Black, single race 72.6
Adults age 40 and over with diagnosed diabetes who received a dilated eye examination in the calendar year Black, single race 65.1
Adults age 40 and over with diagnosed diabetes who had their feet checked for sores or irritation in the calendar year Black, single race 72.8
People with a usual source of care who is somewhat to very difficulty to contact during regular business hours over the telephone Black, single race 13.8
Adults who had a doctor's office or clinic visit in the last 12 months whose health providers sometimes or never showed respect for what they had to say Black, single race 5.80
Adults age 40 and over with diagnosed diabetes who received a flu vaccination in the calendar year Black, single race 53.9
Adults age 40 and over with diabetes whose condition was diagnosed Non-Hispanic, Black 73.6
Adults who needed to see a specialist in the last 12 months who sometimes or never found it easy to see a specialist Black, single race 19.6
Children who needed to see a specialist in the last 12 months who sometimes or never found it easy to see a specialist Black, single race 21.8
Adults who had a doctor's office or clinic visit in the last 12 months whose health providers sometimes or never listened carefully to them Black, single race 8.00
Hospital admissions for perforated appendix per 1,000 admissions with appendicitis, children Non-Hispanic, Black 483.8
Children ages 12-17 with a major depressive episode in the last 12 months who received treatment for depression in the last 12 months Black, single race 42.9
People age 12 and over who needed treatment for illicit drug use and who received such treatment at a specialty facility in the last 12 months Black, single race 18.0
Adults who had a doctor's office or clinic visit in the last 12 months and needed care, tests, or treatment who sometimes or never found it easy to get the care, tests, or treatment Black, single race 10.1
Children who had a doctor's office or clinic visit in the last 12 months and needed care, tests, or treatment who sometimes or never found it easy to get the care, tests, or treatment Black, single race 7.40
Adults who had a doctor's office or clinic visit in the last 12 months whose health providers sometimes or never explained things in a way they could understand Black, single race 6.90
Adults age 40 and over with diagnosed diabetes with hemoglobin A1c less than 8.0% (optimal control) Non-Hispanic, Black 68.0
Adults age 40 and over with diagnosed diabetes with blood pressure less than 130/80 mm Hg Non-Hispanic, Black 41.1
Adult surgery patients with catheter-associated urinary tract infection Non-Hispanic, Black 2.74
Hospital admissions with central venous catheter-related bloodstream infection per 1,000 medical and surgical discharges of length 2 or more days, adults age 18 and over or obstetric admissions Non-Hispanic, Black 1.06
Hospital admissions for dehydration per 100,000 population, adults age 18 and over Non-Hispanic, Black 143.1
Adults who had a doctor's office or clinic visit in the last 12 months whose health providers sometimes or never spent enough time with them Black, single race 11.8
Hospital admissions for urinary tract infection (UTI) per 100,000 population, adults age 18 and over Non-Hispanic, Black 198.0
Rating of health care 0-6 on a scale from 0 to 10 (best grade) by adults who had a doctor's office or clinic visit in the last 12 months Black, single race 13.8
Postoperative physiologic and metabolic derangements per 1,000 elective surgical hospital discharges, adults Non-Hispanic, Black 1.90
Postoperative hip fracture per 1,000 surgical admissions who were not susceptible to falling, adults Non-Hispanic, Black 0.15
Hospital admissions for urinary tract infection (UTI) per 100,000 population, children ages 3 months to 17 years Non-Hispanic, Black 20.4
Hospital admissions for pediatric gastroenteritis per 100,000 population, children ages 3 months to 17 years Non-Hispanic, Black 49.7
People age 12 and over who needed treatment for alcohol problem who received such treatment at a specialty facility in the last 12 months Black, single race 12.9
Postoperative hemorrhage or hematoma with surgical drainage or evacuation per 1,000 surgical hospital discharges, adults Non-Hispanic, Black 2.46
Postoperative pulmonary embolism (PE) or deep vein thrombosis (DVT) per 1,000 surgical hospital discharges, adults Non-Hispanic, Black 9.61
People with a usual source of care who sometimes or never asked person to help make decisions when there was a choice between treatments Black, single race 18.7
Adjusted incident rates of end stage renal disease (ESRD) due to diabetes per million population Black 393.5
Kidney failure due to diabetes among persons with diabetes Black 3497.5
Postoperative respiratory failure per 1,000 elective surgical hospital discharges, adults Non-Hispanic, Black 5.76
Mechanical adverse events in adult patients receiving central venous catheter placement Non-Hispanic, Black 4.64
Adults with a major depressive episode in the last 12 months who received treatment for depression in the last 12 months Black, single race 58.9
Reclosure of postoperative abdominal wound dehiscence per 1,000 abdominopelvic-surgery admissions of length 2 or more days, adults Non-Hispanic, Black 1.17
Adults with hypertension with blood pressure less than 140/90 mm/Hg Non-Hispanic, Black 52.9
Adults with chronic joint symptoms who have ever seen a doctor or other health professional for joint symptoms Black, single race 70.3
Adults who needed care right away for an illness, injury, or condition in the last 12 months who sometimes or never got care as soon as needed Black, single race 17.1
Adults who had any appointments for routine health care in the last 12 months who sometimes or never got an appointment for routine care as soon as needed Black, single race 16.2
Children who had any appointments for routine health care in the last 12 months who sometimes or never got an appointment for routine care as soon as needed Black, single race 8.80
Accidental puncture or laceration during procedure per 1,000 medical and surgical admissions, adults Non-Hispanic, Black 2.32
Accidental puncture or laceration during procedure per 1,000 medical and surgical admissions, children Non-Hispanic, Black 0.42
Deaths per 1,000 adult hospital admissions with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair Non-Hispanic, Black 25.4
People under age 65 with any period of uninsurance during the year Black, single race 24.3
People with a specific source of ongoing care Black, single race 87.3
Hospital patients with an anticoagulant-related adverse drug event to low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) and factor Xa Non-Hispanic, Black 4.23
People under age 65 with health insurance Black, single race 88.5
Deaths per 1,000 elective-surgery admissions having developed specified complications of care during hospitalization, adults ages 18-89 or obstetric admissions Non-Hispanic, Black 123.0
People under age 65 with any private health insurance Black, single race 50.9
Adults age 65 and over with any private health insurance Black, single race 34.0
Deaths per 1,000 hospital admissions with expected low-mortality Non-Hispanic, Black 0.41
Hospital patients with an anticoagulant-related adverse drug event to warfarin Non-Hispanic, Black 8.71
Adverse drug event with IV heparin in adult hospital patients who received an anticoagulant Non-Hispanic, Black 11.6
People under age 65 who were uninsured all year Black, single race 10.3
Hospital patients who received a hypoglycemic agent who had an adverse drug events with hypoglycemic agents Non-Hispanic, Black 9.76
People with a usual source of care who usually asks about prescription medications and treatments from other doctors Black, single race 80.8
People with a usual primary care provider Black, single race 72.8
People in fair or poor health with a specific source of ongoing care Black, single race 87.8
Adult current smokers with a checkup in the last 12 months who received advice to quit smoking Black, single race 62.3
Adult smokers who attempt to quit in the past year Black, single race 63.6
Adolescents females ages 13-15 who received 3 or more doses human papillomavirus vaccine Black, single race 37.4
Adolescents females ages 16-17 who received 3 or more doses human papillomavirus vaccine Black, single race 49.5
Exclusive breastfeeding through 3 months Non-Hispanic, Black 28.9
Adults who ever smoked and quitted recently Black, single race 5.90
Children with obesity 2-19 years of age who had been told by a doctor or health professional that they were overweight Non-Hispanic, Black 44.4
Adults with obesity age 20 and over who had been told by a doctor or health professional that they were overweight Non-Hispanic, Black 63.6
Adolescent males ages 16-17 who received 3 or more doses of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine Black, single race 28.9
Children ages 6 months to 17 years who received influenza vaccination Black, single race 51.4
Children ages 2-19 with obesity Non-Hispanic, Black 19.5
Adults with obesity who ever received advice from a health professional to exercise more Black, single race 65.0
Adults with obesity who do not now spend half an hour or more in moderate or vigorous physical activity at least five times a week Black, single race 55.5
Children ages 2-17 for whom a health provider gave advice within the past 2 years about the amount and kind of exercise, sports, or physically active hobbies they should have Black, single race 44.2
Children ages 3-5 who ever had their vision checked by a health provider Black, single race 72.9
Adults with obesity who ever received advice from a health professional about eating fewer high-fat or high-cholesterol foods Black, single race 50.5
Children ages 2-17 for whom a health provider gave advice within the past 2 years about eating healthy Black, single race 61.0
Children who had their height and weight measured by a health provider within the past 2 years Black, single race 91.3
Children ages 2-17 who had a dental visit in the calendar year Black, single race 44.9
Children ages 5-17 with untreated dental caries Non-Hispanic, Black 22.9
Children ages 2-17 who had a preventive dental service in the calendar year Black, single race 36.8
Children 41-80 lbs for whom a health provider gave advice within the past 2 years about using a booster seat when riding in the car Black, single race 38.6
Children for whom a health provider gave advice within the past 2 years about how smoking in the house can be bad for a child Black, single race 48.9
Children 0-40 lbs for whom a health provider gave advice within the past 2 years about using a child safety seat while riding in the car Black, single race 67.2
Adults who received a blood pressure measurement in the last 2 years and can state whether their blood pressure was normal or high Black, single race 92.5
People under age 65 whose family's health insurance premium and out-of-pocket medical expenditures were more than 10% of total family income Black, single race 13.7
Adults who received a blood cholesterol measurement in the last 5 years Black, single race 87.3
Children over 80 lbs for whom a health provider gave advice within the past 2 years about using lap or shoulder belts when riding in a car Black, single race 36.2
Adults ages 18-64 at high risk (e.g., COPD) who received an influenza vaccination in the last 12 months Black, single race 43.1
Children ages 2-17 for whom a health provider gave advice within the past 2 years about using a helmet when riding a bicycle or motorcycle Black, single race 37.1
Children ages 0-17 with wellness checkup in the past 12 months Black, single race 85.3
Adults ages 18 and over who received influenza vaccination Black, single race 37.4
Adults age 65 and over who received an influenza vaccination in the last 12 months Black, single race 65.0
Adults ages 18-64 at high risk (e.g., COPD) who ever received pneumococcal vaccination Black, single race 21.5
Adults age 65 and over who ever received pneumococcal vaccination Black, single race 49.9
People without a usual source of care who indicated a financial or insurance reason for not having a source of care Black, single race 14.7
People unable to get or delayed in getting needed medical care due to financial or insurance reasons Black, single race 58.9
Doctor's office, emergency department, and outpatient department visits where antibiotics were prescribed for a diagnosis of common cold per 10,000 population Black, single race 62.1
People unable to get or delayed in getting needed prescription medicines due to financial or insurance reasons Black, single race 71.8
People with current asthma who are now taking preventive medicine daily or almost daily (either oral or inhaler) Black, single race 20.2
Adults who had a preventive dental service in the calendar year Black, single race 26.8
People unable to get or delayed in getting needed dental care due to financial or insurance reasons Black, single race 70.9
Adults with a dental visit in the calendar year Black, single race 18.9
Infant mortality per 1,000 live births, birth weight 2,500 grams or more Black 3.00
Women who completed a pregnancy in the last 12 months who received early and adequate prenatal care Non-Hispanic, Black 17.3
Live-born infants with low birth weight (less than 2,500 g) Non-Hispanic, Black 13.3
Infant mortality per 1,000 live births, birth weight less than 1,500 grams Black 236.1
Infant mortality per 1,000 live births, birth weights 1,500-2,499 grams Black 12.6